Chin. Phys. Lett.  2017, Vol. 34 Issue (9): 097701    DOI: 10.1088/0256-307X/34/9/097701
CONDENSED MATTER: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, ELECTRICAL, MAGNETIC, AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES |
Origin of Negative Imaginary Part of Effective Permittivity of Passive Materials
Kai-Lun Zhang1, Zhi-Ling Hou1**, Ling-Bao Kong2, Hui-Min Fang1, Ke-Tao Zhan1
1School of Science & Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmentally Harmful Chemicals Assessment, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029
2School of Science, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing 100048
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Abstract The anti-resonant phenomenon of effective electromagnetic parameters of metamaterials has aroused controversy due to negative imaginary permittivity or permeability. It is experimentally found that the negative imaginary permittivity can occur for the natural passive materials near the Fabry–Perot resonances. We reveal the nature of negative imaginary permittivity, which is correlated with the magnetoelectric coupling. The anti-resonance of permittivity is a non-inherent feature for passive materials, while it can be inherent for devices or metamaterials. Our finding validates that the negative imaginary part of effective permittivity does not contradict the second law of thermodynamics for metamaterials owing to the magnetoelectric coupling.
Received: 10 April 2017      Published: 15 August 2017
PACS:  77.22.Ch (Permittivity (dielectric function))  
  77.22.-d (Dielectric properties of solids and liquids)  
  78.67.Pt (Multilayers; superlattices; photonic structures; metamaterials)  
  71.45.Gm (Exchange, correlation, dielectric and magnetic response functions, plasmons)  
Fund: Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No 51102007, and the Fund for Discipline Construction of Beijing University of Chemical Technology under Grant No XK1702.
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Kai-Lun Zhang, Zhi-Ling Hou, Ling-Bao Kong et al  2017 Chin. Phys. Lett. 34 097701
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http://cpl.iphy.ac.cn/10.1088/0256-307X/34/9/097701       OR      http://cpl.iphy.ac.cn/Y2017/V34/I9/097701
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Kai-Lun Zhang
Zhi-Ling Hou
Ling-Bao Kong
Hui-Min Fang
Ke-Tao Zhan
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