Chin. Phys. Lett.  2017, Vol. 34 Issue (8): 084207    DOI: 10.1088/0256-307X/34/8/084207
Two-Dimensional Talbot Effect with Atomic Density Gratings
Chen Li1, Tian-Wei Zhou1, Jing-Gang Xiang2, Yue-Yang Zhai3**, Xu-Guang Yue4, Shi-Feng Yang1, Wei Xiong1, Xu-Zong Chen1**
1School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871
2School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871
3Science and Technology on Inertial Laboratory, Beihang University, Beijing 100191
4State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071
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Abstract We report the experimental observation of two-dimensional Talbot effect when a resonance plane wave interacts with a two-dimensional atomic density grating generated by standing wave manipulation of ultracold Bose gases. Clear self-images of the grating and sub-images with reversed phase or fractal patterns are observed. By calculating the autocorrelation functions of the images, the behavior of periodic Talbot images is studied. The Talbot effect with two-dimensional atomic density grating expands the applications of the Talbot effect in a wide variety of research fields.
Received: 22 March 2017      Published: 22 July 2017
PACS:  42.79.Dj (Gratings)  
  42.25.Hz (Interference)  
  37.10.Jk (Atoms in optical lattices)  
Fund: Supported by the State Key Development Program for Basic Research of China under Grant No 2016YFA0301501, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos 11504328, 61475007, 11334001 and 91336103.
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Chen Li, Tian-Wei Zhou, Jing-Gang Xiang et al  2017 Chin. Phys. Lett. 34 084207
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Chen Li
Tian-Wei Zhou
Jing-Gang Xiang
Yue-Yang Zhai
Xu-Guang Yue
Shi-Feng Yang
Wei Xiong
Xu-Zong Chen
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