Chin. Phys. Lett.  2018, Vol. 35 Issue (5): 054202    DOI: 10.1088/0256-307X/35/5/054202
Nonreciprocal Single Photon Frequency Conversion via Chiral Coupling between a V-Type System and a Pair of Waveguides
Ce Shi1,3, Mu-Tian Cheng1,3**, Xiao-San Ma1,3, Dong Wang2, Xianshan Huang2, Bing Wang1, Jia-Yan Zhang1
1School of Electrical Engineering and Information, Anhui University of Technology, Maanshan 243002
2School of Mathematics and Physics, Anhui University of Technology, Maanshan 243002
3Anhui Provincial Key Lab of Power Electronics & Motion Control, Anhui University of Technology, Maanshan 243002
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Ce Shi, Mu-Tian Cheng, Xiao-San Ma et al  2018 Chin. Phys. Lett. 35 054202
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Abstract The single photon frequency conversion is investigated theoretically in the system composed of a V-type system chiral coupling to a pair of waveguides. The single photon scattering amplitudes are obtained using the real-space Hamiltonian. The calculated results show that the probability of single photon frequency down- or up-conversion can reach a unit by choosing appropriate parameters in the non-dissipative system with perfect chiral coupling. We present a nonreciprocal single photon beam splitter whose frequency of the output photon is different from that of the input photon. The influences of dissipations and non-perfect chiral coupling on the single frequency conversion are also shown. Our results may be useful in designing quantum devices at the single-photon level.
Received: 29 January 2018      Published: 30 April 2018
PACS:  42.50.Nn (Quantum optical phenomena in absorbing, amplifying, dispersive and conducting media; cooperative phenomena in quantum optical systems)  
  42.50.Ct (Quantum description of interaction of light and matter; related experiments)  
  32.70.Jz (Line shapes, widths, and shifts)  
Fund: Supported by the Anhui Provincial Natural Science Foundation under Grant No 1608085MA09, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos 11774262, 61675006, 11474003 and 61472282.
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Ce Shi
Mu-Tian Cheng
Xiao-San Ma
Dong Wang
Xianshan Huang
Bing Wang
Jia-Yan Zhang
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