Chin. Phys. Lett.  2021, Vol. 38 Issue (5): 057402    DOI: 10.1088/0256-307X/38/5/057402
Highly Robust Reentrant Superconductivity in CsV$_{3}$Sb$_{5}$ under Pressure
Xu Chen1†, Xinhui Zhan2†, Xiaojun Wang2, Jun Deng1, Xiao-Bing Liu2*, Xin Chen2, Jian-Gang Guo1,3*, and Xiaolong Chen1,3*
1Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
2Laboratory of High Pressure Physics and Material Science (HPPMS), School of Physics and Physical Engineering, Qufu Normal University, Qufu 273100, China
3Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan 523808, China
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Xu Chen, Xinhui Zhan, Xiaojun Wang et al  2021 Chin. Phys. Lett. 38 057402
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Abstract We present the superconducting (SC) property and high-robustness of structural stability of kagome CsV$_{3}$Sb$_{5}$ under in situ high pressures. For the initial SC-I phase, its $T_{\rm c}$ is quickly enhanced from 3.5 K to 7.6 K and then totally suppressed at $P \sim 10$ GPa. With further increasing pressure, an SC-II phase emerges at $P \sim 15$ GPa and persists up to 100 GPa. The $T_{\rm c}$ rapidly increases to the maximal value of 5.2 K at $P=53.6$ GPa and slowly decreases to 4.7 K at $P=100$ GPa. A two-dome-like variation of $T_{\rm c}$ in CsV$_{3}$Sb$_{5}$ is concluded here. The Raman measurements demonstrate that weakening of $E_{\rm 2g}$ mode and strengthening of $E_{\rm 1g}$ mode occur without phase transition in the SC-II phase, which is supported by the results of phonon spectra calculations. Electronic structure calculations reveal that exertion of pressure may bridge the gap of topological surface nontrivial states near $E_{\rm F}$, i.e., disappearance of $Z_{2}$ invariant. Meanwhile, the Fermi surface enlarges significantly, consistent with the increased carrier density. The findings here suggest that the change of electronic structure and strengthened electron-phonon coupling should be responsible for the pressure-induced reentrant SC.
Received: 29 March 2021      Published: 20 April 2021
PACS:  74.25.Dw (Superconductivity phase diagrams)  
  74.62.Fj (Effects of pressure)  
  74.25.nd (Raman and optical spectroscopy)  
Fund: Supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant Nos. 2017YFA0304700, 2018YFE0202601, and 2016YFA0300600), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51922105, 11804184, 11974208, and 51772322), the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. QYZDJ-SSW-SLH013), the Beijing Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. Z200005), and the Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation (Grant Nos. ZR2020YQ05, ZR2019MA054, and 2019KJJ020).
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Xu Chen
Xinhui Zhan
Xiaojun Wang
Jun Deng
Xiao-Bing Liu
Xin Chen
Jian-Gang Guo
and Xiaolong Chen
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