Chin. Phys. Lett.  2021, Vol. 38 Issue (1): 010501    DOI: 10.1088/0256-307X/38/1/010501
Managing Quantum Heat Transfer in a Nonequilibrium Qubit-Phonon Hybrid System with Coherent Phonon States
Chen Wang1*, Lu-Qin Wang2, and Jie Ren2*
1Department of Physics, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China
2Center for Phononics and Thermal Energy Science, China-EU Joint Center for Nanophononics, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Special Artificial Microstructure Materials and Technology, School of Physics Sciences and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
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Chen Wang, Lu-Qin Wang, and Jie Ren 2021 Chin. Phys. Lett. 38 010501
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Abstract We investigate quantum heat transfer in a nonequilibrium qubit-phonon hybrid open system, dissipated by external bosonic thermal reservoirs. By applying coherent phonon states embedded in the dressed quantum master equation, we are capable of dealing with arbitrary qubit-phonon coupling strength. It is counterintuitively found that the effect of negative differential thermal conductance is absent at strong qubit-phonon hybridization, but becomes profound at weak qubit-phonon coupling regime. The underlying mechanism of decreasing heat flux by increasing the temperature bias relies on the unidirectional transitions from the up-spin displaced coherent phonon states to the down-spin counterparts, which seriously freezes the qubit and prevents the system from completing a thermodynamic cycle. Finally, the effects of perfect thermal rectification and giant heat amplification are unraveled, thanks to the effect of negative differential thermal conductance. These results of the nonequilibrium qubit-phonon open system would have potential implications in smart energy control and functional design of phononic hybrid quantum devices.
Received: 09 October 2020      Published: 06 January 2021
PACS:  05.60.Gg (Quantum transport)  
  03.65.Yz (Decoherence; open systems; quantum statistical methods)  
  05.70.Ln (Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics)  
  63.22.-m (Phonons or vibrational states in low-dimensional structures and nanoscale materials)  
Fund: Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11704093), the Opening Project of Shanghai Key Laboratory of Special Artificial Microstructure Materials and Technology, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11935010 and 11775159), and the Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai (Grant Nos. 18ZR1442800 and 18JC1410900).).
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Chen Wang
Lu-Qin Wang
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