Chin. Phys. Lett.  2021, Vol. 38 Issue (11): 118201    DOI: 10.1088/0256-307X/38/11/118201
CROSS-DISCIPLINARY PHYSICS AND RELATED AREAS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY |
Thermal Management of Air-Cooling Lithium-Ion Battery Pack
Jianglong Du1†, Haolan Tao1,2†, Yuxin Chen1,2†, Xiaodong Yuan3, Cheng Lian1,2*, and Honglai Liu1,2
1State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Hierarchical Nanomaterials, School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
2School of Chemical Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
3Dongtai Middle School, Dongtai 224226, China
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Jianglong Du, Haolan Tao, Yuxin Chen et al  2021 Chin. Phys. Lett. 38 118201
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Abstract Lithium-ion battery packs are made by many batteries, and the difficulty in heat transfer can cause many safety issues. It is important to evaluate thermal performance of a battery pack in designing process. Here, a multiscale method combining a pseudo-two-dimensional model of individual battery and three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics is employed to describe heat generation and transfer in a battery pack. The effect of battery arrangement on the thermal performance of battery packs is investigated. We discuss the air-cooling effect of the pack with four battery arrangements which include one square arrangement, one stagger arrangement and two trapezoid arrangements. In addition, the air-cooling strategy is studied by observing temperature distribution of the battery pack. It is found that the square arrangement is the structure with the best air-cooling effect, and the cooling effect is best when the cold air inlet is at the top of the battery pack. We hope that this work can provide theoretical guidance for thermal management of lithium-ion battery packs.
Received: 11 August 2021      Editors' Suggestion Published: 13 October 2021
Fund: Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 91834301 and 22078088), the National Natural Science Foundation of China for Innovative Research Groups (Grant No. 51621002), and the Shanghai Rising-Star Program (Grant No. 21QA1401900).
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http://cpl.iphy.ac.cn/10.1088/0256-307X/38/11/118201       OR      http://cpl.iphy.ac.cn/Y2021/V38/I11/118201
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Jianglong Du
Haolan Tao
Yuxin Chen
Xiaodong Yuan
Cheng Lian
and Honglai Liu
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