Chin. Phys. Lett.  2021, Vol. 38 Issue (11): 118201    DOI: 10.1088/0256-307X/38/11/118201
Thermal Management of Air-Cooling Lithium-Ion Battery Pack
Jianglong Du1†, Haolan Tao1,2†, Yuxin Chen1,2†, Xiaodong Yuan3, Cheng Lian1,2*, and Honglai Liu1,2
1State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Hierarchical Nanomaterials, School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
2School of Chemical Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
3Dongtai Middle School, Dongtai 224226, China
Cite this article:   
Jianglong Du, Haolan Tao, Yuxin Chen et al  2021 Chin. Phys. Lett. 38 118201
Download: PDF(2015KB)   PDF(mobile)(2366KB)   HTML
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks
Abstract Lithium-ion battery packs are made by many batteries, and the difficulty in heat transfer can cause many safety issues. It is important to evaluate thermal performance of a battery pack in designing process. Here, a multiscale method combining a pseudo-two-dimensional model of individual battery and three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics is employed to describe heat generation and transfer in a battery pack. The effect of battery arrangement on the thermal performance of battery packs is investigated. We discuss the air-cooling effect of the pack with four battery arrangements which include one square arrangement, one stagger arrangement and two trapezoid arrangements. In addition, the air-cooling strategy is studied by observing temperature distribution of the battery pack. It is found that the square arrangement is the structure with the best air-cooling effect, and the cooling effect is best when the cold air inlet is at the top of the battery pack. We hope that this work can provide theoretical guidance for thermal management of lithium-ion battery packs.
Received: 11 August 2021      Editors' Suggestion Published: 13 October 2021
Fund: Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 91834301 and 22078088), the National Natural Science Foundation of China for Innovative Research Groups (Grant No. 51621002), and the Shanghai Rising-Star Program (Grant No. 21QA1401900).
URL:       OR
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors
Jianglong Du
Haolan Tao
Yuxin Chen
Xiaodong Yuan
Cheng Lian
and Honglai Liu
[1] Xiong R, Sun F, Gong X, and Gao C 2014 Appl. Energy 113 1421
[2] Xiong R, Sun F, Chen Z, and He H 2014 Appl. Energy 113 463
[3] Rad M S, Danilov D L, Baghalha M, Kazemeini M, and Notten P H L 2013 Electrochim. Acta 102 183
[4] Kang D, Lee P Y, Yoo K, and Kim J 2020 J. Energy Storage 27 101017
[5] Wang L, Zhao Y, Quan Z, and Liang J 2021 J. Energy Storage 39 102624
[6] Qiao R X, Zhang M J, Liu Y D, Ren W J, Lin Y, and Pan F 2016 Chin. Phys. Lett. 33 078201
[7] Ng S S Y, Xing Y, and Tsui K L 2014 Appl. Energy 118 114
[8] Ping P, Wang Q, Huang P, Sun J, and Chen C 2014 Appl. Energy 129 261
[9] Siruvuri S V and Budarapu P 2020 J. Energy Storage 29 101377
[10] Pan Y, Feng X, Zhang M, Han X, Lu L, and Ouyang M 2020 J. Cleaner Prod. 255 120277
[11] Li X, Xu J, Hong J, Tian J, and Tian Y 2021 Energy 214 118858
[12] Wang T, Tseng K J, Zhao J, and Wei Z 2014 Appl. Energy 134 229
[13] Huang Q, Li X, Zhang G, Deng J, and Wang C 2021 Appl. Therm. Eng. 183 116151
[14] Luo X, Guo Q, Li X, Tao Z, Lei S, Liu J, Kang L, Zheng D, and Liu Z 2020 Renewable Energy 145 2046
[15] Qian Z, Li Y, and Rao Z 2016 Energy Convers. Manage. 126 622
[16] Greco A, Cao D, Jiang X, and Yang H 2014 J. Power Sources 257 344
[17] Zhao R, Zhang S, Liu J, and Gu J 2015 J. Power Sources 299 557
[18] Lu M, Zhang X, Ji J, Xu X, and Zhang Y 2020 J. Energy Storage 27 101155
[19] Zhao G, Wang X, Negnevitsky M, and Zhang H 2021 J. Power Sources 501 230001
[20] Ye X, Zhao Y, and Quan Z 2018 Appl. Therm. Eng. 130 74
[21] Shang Z, Qi H, Liu X, Ouyang C, and Wang Y 2019 Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 130 33
[22] Xie J, Ge Z, Zang M, and Wang S 2017 Appl. Therm. Eng. 126 583
[23] Yang T, Yang N, Zhang X, and Li G 2016 Int. J. Thermal Sci. 108 132
[24] Saw L H, Ye Y, Tay A A, Chong W T, Kuan S H, and Yew M C 2016 Appl. Energy 177 783
[25] Wang T, Tseng K, and Zhao J 2015 Appl. Therm. Eng. 90 521
[26] Yang W, Zhou F, Zhou H, and Liu Y 2020 Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 161 120307
[27] Behi H, Karimi D, Behi M, Ghanbarpour M, Jaguemont J, Sokkeh M A, Gandoman F H, Berecibar M, and Van Mierlo J 2020 Appl. Therm. Eng. 174 115280
[28] Chen D, Jiang J, Kim G H, Yang C, and Pesaran A 2016 Appl. Therm. Eng. 94 846
[29] Kizilel R, Sabbah R, Selman J R, and Al-Hallaj S 2009 J. Power Sources 194 1105
[30] Xu X and He R 2013 J. Power Sources 240 33
[31] Park H 2013 J. Power Sources 239 30
[32] Deng C, Yao Z, Yu X, Yuan C, Li Z, and Su L 2014 IEEE Conference and Expo Transportation Electrification Asia-Pacific (ITEC Asia-Pacific), 31 August–3 September 2014, Beijing, pp 1–4
[33] Liu H, Wei Z, He W, and Zhao J 2017 Energy Convers. Manage. 150 304
[34] Lian C, Janssen M, Liu H, and van Roij R 2020 Phys. Rev. Lett. 124 076001
[35] Doyle M, Fuller T F, and Newman J 1993 J. Electrochem. Soc. 140 1526
[36] Aurbach D, Ein-Ely Y, and Zaban A 1994 J. Electrochem. Soc. 141 L1
[37] Levi M D and Aurbach D 1997 J. Electroanal. Chem. 421 79
[38] Du J, Tao H, Yang J, Lian C, Lin S, and Liu H 2021 Chin. J. Chem. Eng. 31 33
[39] Yudha C S, Muzayanha S U, Widiyandari H, Iskandar F, Sutopo W, and Purwanto A 2019 Energies 12 1886
[40] Chung Y and Kim M S 2019 Energy Convers. Manage. 196 105
[41]Pesaran A A 2001 Battery Man 43(5) 34
Full text