Chin. Phys. Lett.  2020, Vol. 37 Issue (4): 043201    DOI: 10.1088/0256-307X/37/4/043201
Nonadiabatic and Multielectron Effects in the Attoclock Experimental Scheme
Zhi-Lei Xiao1,2, Wei Quan1**, Song-Po Xu1,2, Shao-Gang Yu1, Xuan-Yang Lai1, Jing Chen3,4**, Xiao-Jun Liu1**
1State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Innovation Academy for Precision Measurement Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071
2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
3HEDPS, Center for Applied Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100084
4Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, P. O. Box 8009, Beijing 100088
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Zhi-Lei Xiao, Wei Quan, Song-Po Xu et al  2020 Chin. Phys. Lett. 37 043201
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Abstract The problem of how long it takes for an electron to tunnel from one side of a barrier to the other has been debated for decades and the attoclock is a promising experimental procedure to address this problem. In the attoclock experiment, many physical effects will contribute to the experimental results and it is difficult to extract the tunneling time accurately. We numerically investigate a method of measuring the residual equivalent temporal offset (RETO) induced by the physical effects except for tunneling delay. The Coulomb potential effect, the nonadiabatic effect, the multielectron effect, and the Stark effect are considered in the theoretical model. It is shown that the ratio of the RETO of the target atoms to that of H is insensitive to the wavelength and is linearly proportional to (2$I_{\rm p}$)$^{-3/2}$. This work can help to improve the accuracy of the attoclock technique.
Received: 22 January 2020      Published: 24 March 2020
PACS:  32.80.Fb (Photoionization of atoms and ions)  
  03.65.Sq (Semiclassical theories and applications)  
  32.80.Rm (Multiphoton ionization and excitation to highly excited states)  
Fund: Supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Nos. 2019YFA0307700 and 2016YFA0401100), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11527807, 11774387, 11834015, 11847243, 11804374, 11874392, and 11974383), the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. XDB21010400), and the Science and Technology Department of Hubei Province (No. 2019CFA035).
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Zhi-Lei Xiao
Wei Quan
Song-Po Xu
Shao-Gang Yu
Xuan-Yang Lai
Jing Chen
Xiao-Jun Liu
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