Chin. Phys. Lett.  2019, Vol. 36 Issue (8): 086201    DOI: 10.1088/0256-307X/36/8/086201
Magnetic Sensing inside a Diamond Anvil Cell via Nitrogen-Vacancy Center Spins
Yan-Xing Shang1,2†, Fang Hong1†, Jian-Hong Dai1†, Hui-Yu1,2, Ya-Nan Lu1,2, En-Ke Liu1,3, Xiao-Hui Yu1,3**, Gang-Qin Liu1**, Xin-Yu Pan1,3,4**
1Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190
2School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
3Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan 523808
4CAS Center of Excellence in Topological Quantum Computation, Beijing 100190
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Yan-Xing Shang, Fang Hong, Jian-Hong Dai et al  2019 Chin. Phys. Lett. 36 086201
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Abstract The diamond anvil cell-based high-pressure technique is a unique tool for creating new states of matter and for understanding the physics underlying some exotic phenomena. In situ sensing of spin and charge properties under high pressure is crucially important but remains technically challenging. While the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond is a promising quantum sensor under extreme conditions, its spin dynamics and the quantum control of its spin states under high pressure remain elusive. In this study, we demonstrate coherent control, spin relaxation, and spin dephasing measurements for ensemble NV centers up to 32.8 GPa. With this in situ quantum sensor, we investigate the pressure-induced magnetic phase transition of a micron-size permanent magnet Nd$_{2}$Fe$_{14}$B sample in a diamond anvil cell, with a spatial resolution of $\sim$2 μm, and sensitivity of $\sim$20 $\mu$T/Hz$^{1/2}$. This scheme could be generalized to measure other parameters such as temperature, pressure and their gradients under extreme conditions. This will be beneficial for frontier research of condensed matter physics and geophysics.
Received: 09 July 2019      Published: 22 July 2019
PACS:  62.50.-p (High-pressure effects in solids and liquids)  
  76.70.Hb (Optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR))  
  07.35.+k (High-pressure apparatus; shock tubes; diamond anvil cells)  
Fund: Supported by the National Basic Research Program of China under Grant No 2015CB921103, the National Key R&D Program of China under Grant No 2016YFA0401503, the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences under Grant No XDB28000000, the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos 11574386, 11575288 and 51402350, and the Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences under Grant No 2016006.
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Yan-Xing Shang
Fang Hong
Jian-Hong Dai
Ya-Nan Lu
En-Ke Liu
Xiao-Hui Yu
Gang-Qin Liu
Xin-Yu Pan
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