Chin. Phys. Lett.  2020, Vol. 37 Issue (6): 067101    DOI: 10.1088/0256-307X/37/6/067101
Fermionic Analogue of High Temperature Hawking Radiation in Black Phosphorus
Hang Liu1,5, Jia-Tao Sun1,2,5**, Chenchen Song1,5, Huaqing Huang3, Feng Liu3,4**, Sheng Meng1,4,5**
1Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
2School of Information and Electronics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
3Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA
4Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing 100084, China
5University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
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Hang Liu, Jia-Tao Sun, Chenchen Song et al  2020 Chin. Phys. Lett. 37 067101
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Abstract Time-periodic laser driving can create nonequilibrium states not accessible in equilibrium, opening new regimes in materials engineering and topological phase transitions. We report that black phosphorus (BP) exhibits spatially nonuniform topological Floquet–Dirac states under laser illumination, mimicking the "gravity" felt by fermionic quasiparticles in the same way as that for a Schwarzschild black hole (SBH). Quantum tunneling of electrons from a type-II Dirac cone (inside BH) to a type-I Dirac cone (outside BH) emits an SBH-like Planck radiation spectrum. The Hawking temperature $T_{\rm H}$ obtained for a fermionic analog of BH in the bilayer BP is approximately 3 K, which is several orders of magnitude higher than that in previous works. Our work sheds light on increasing $T_{\rm H}$ from the perspective of engineering 2D materials by time-periodic light illumination. The predicted SBH-like Hawking radiation, accessible in BP thin films, provides clues to probe analogous astrophysical phenomena in solids.
Received: 18 May 2020      Published: 30 May 2020
PACS:  71.20.-b (Electron density of states and band structure of crystalline solids)  
  78.47.-p (Spectroscopy of solid state dynamics)  
Fund: *Supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant Nos. 2016YFA0300902 and 2016YFA0202300), the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2015CB921001), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11774396, 91850120 and 11974045), and the Strategic Priority Research Program (B) of CAS (Grant Nos. XDB30000000 and XDB330301). H. H. and F. L. were supported by U.S. DOE-BES (Grant No. DE-FG02-04ER46148).
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Hang Liu
Jia-Tao Sun
Chenchen Song
Huaqing Huang
Feng Liu
Sheng Meng
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