A new method is presented to generate finite dimensional integrable systems. Our starting point is a generalized Lax matrix instead of usual Lax pair. Then a unisonant r-matrix structure and a set of generalized Hamiltonian functions are constructed. It can be clearly seen that various constrained integrable flows by nonlinearization method, such as the c-AKNS, c-MKdV, c-Toda, etc., are derived from the reduction of this structure. Furthermore, some new integrable flows are produced.

For the Noh, Fougères and Mandel (NFM) operational quantum phase description, which is based on an eight-port homodyne-detection, we derive the minimum uncertainty states for the number-difference-phase uncertainty relation. The derivation makes full use of the newly constructed |q,r> representation which is the common eigenvector of the two-mode photon number-difference a^{†}a - b^{†}b and (a+b^{†})(a^{†}+ b).

A quantum transformation that can diagonalize the Hamiltonian of a ring of N coupled diatomic oscillators is found. By means of the transformation, the dispersion relation of the atomic system is obtained. For large N it turns out that the dispersion relation resembles to the phonon spectrum of the lattice vibration derived by Newton's equation of motion.

It is shown that the norm of the polarization vector of the reduced density matrix can characterize the entanglement of two qubits and so it is defined as a simple measure of entanglement. It is then extended to the generalized entanglement of polarization vector. It is proved that the entanglement of formation belongs to the generalized entanglement of polarization vector. Under the local general measurement and classical communication how this generalized entanglement of polarization vector changes is proved strictly and so the first and second laws of quantum information processing are verified clearly.

A modified Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin approach is used to determine the complex normal-mode frequencies of external perturbations in generalized Schwarzschild geometry. In the λ = 1 case (Schwarzschild geometry), the agreement with other methods is excellent for the low-lying modes. On the contrary, the λ ≠ 1 case of this geometry is unstable against external perturbations.

We analyse the appearance of coherent motion in the dynamics of the Langevin equation in the subtle case of I < 1, and show that stochastic resonance does exist even in the non-critical case I < 1. Moreover, we show the monotonicity of the rotation number and discuss the relationship between the center frequency of the power spectrum peak and the rotation number.

The double-well potential systems and a hybrid optical bistability device with liquid crystal have a relation to quartic maps with two equally high peaks. The star products for all doubly superstable kneading sequences in the kneading plane are presented, the generalized Feigenbaum's metric universalities such as scaling factors {α_{c}, α,_{D}, α_{E}} and convergent rates {δ_{a},δ_{η},δ_{α,η}} are obtained.

We generalize the Frenkel-Kontorov model to the Frenkel-Kontorova-Devonshire model in which the interaction is the triple-well potential. By use of the effective potential method, numerical solutions of eigenvalue problem are used to work out the exact phase diagrams of a triple-well potential W and a piecewise parabolic potential V. According to the winding number ω and the rotation number Ω, we analyze the periodicity of the phase diagram and find some complex but regular phase structures. The properties of the phase structures are closely related to the period of the external potential D.

Single W boson production is analyzed in a data sample collected by L3 detector at Large Electron Positron Collider in 1998. The integrated luminosity is 176.4pb^{-1} with center-of-mass energy at √s = 189GeV. The signal consists of large missing energy final states with a single energetic lepton or two hadronic jets. The total cross section of single W production is measured to be 0.58 ± 0.13 ± 0.04pb, in good agreement with standard nmodel prediction. From this measurement, the limits on the anomalous γWW triplegauge-boson couplings are derived at 95% confidence level: -0.48<Δκ_{γ}< 0.38 and -0.50 < λ_{γ}< 0.41 .

The so-called hyperbolic dependence of apparent moment of inertia on square of rotational frequency is developed to the bands involving vi_{13/2}quasineutron around A~160 lighter rare-earth region. This can be explained as a characteristic of strongly Coriolis mixing in the high-j unique-parity bands. As applications of such an effect, the previously proposed assignments of band x of ^{160}Ho, π1/2^{-}[541]O vi_{13/2} band of ^{170}Ta, as well as band B of ^{168}Lu have been reviewed respectively.

ZHOU Xiao-Hong*, E. Ideguchi, T. Kishida, M. Ishihara, H. Tsuchida, Y. Gono, T. Morikawa, M. Shibata, H. Watanabe, M. Miyake, T. Tsutsumi, S. Motomura, S. Mitarai

The high-spin states of ^{143}Nd have been studied in the ^{130}Te(^{18}O, 5n)^{143}Nd reaction at a beam energy of 80 MeV using techniques of in-beam γ-ray spectroscopy. Measurements of γ -γ- t coincidences, γ-ray angular distributions, and γ-ray linearpolarizations were performed. A level scheme of ^{143}Nd with spin and parity assignments up to 53/2^{+} is proposed. While a weak coupling model can explain the level structure up to the J^{π}=39/2^{-}state, this model can not reproduce the higher-lying states. Additionally, a new low-lying non-yrast level sequence in ^{143}Nd was observed in the present work, which can be well described by the weak coupling of an i_{13/2} neutron to the ^{142}Nd core nucleus.

FANG De-Qing, SHEN Wen-Qing, FENG Jun, CAI Xiang-Zhou, WANG Jian-Song, SU Qian-Min, MA Yu-Gang, ZHU Yong-Tai, LI Song-Lin, WU He-Yu, GOU Quan-Bu, JIN Gen-Ming, ZHAN Wen-Long, GUO Zhong-Yan, XIAO Guo-Qing

Fragments produced in the reaction of 60 MeV/n ^{18}O on Be have been measured experimentally. The isotopic distribution of fragmentation reaction is well reproduced by a modified statistical abrasion-ablation model. It is predicted that the isotopic distribution shifts toward the neutron rich side for neutron rich projectile, but this isospin effect decreases with the increase of the atomic number difference Z - Z_{A} and disappears at last, where Z and Z_{A} are atomic numbers of the isotopic distribution and the projectile respectively.

The emission spectra of a two-level atom moving in an electromagnetic field are studied. We find that there is a shift in the peak position and that each peak splits into double peaks. The shift is due to the detuning induced by the atomic motion, and the splitting is caused by the atomic energy change due to the exchange of photons.

Based on the time-dependent theory, an analysis of the distinction between resonance Raman (RR) and resonance fluorescence (RF) with pulse excitation was presented. The real population of the intermediate state gives two optical components-the independent time evolution of intermediate ket and bra states generates RR while RF originates from the phase coherent between ket and bra states. In cw limit, the transition probability of spontaneous emission with pulse excitation can be reduced to the classical theory.

By applying a strong coupling field between a lower state and the upper state of an allowed transition to ground, an enhancement of nondegenerate four wave mixing (NDFWM) with a resonantly enhanced third-order nonlinear susceptibility in a rare-earth doped fiber can be obtained. We have derived an expression for the third-order non-linear susceptibility using quantum theory and discussed the conversion efficiency for NDFWM. The theoretical result shows that the conversion efficiency has a maximum value while the third-order nonlinear susceptibility shows constructive interference at the Rabi frequency Ω_{23} =±√Г_{2}Г_{3}. On account of phase-mismatch, the frequency conversion efficiency has a maximum value over a certain small range of frequency separation (such as 0 < Δf < 30 GHz at the wavelength λ_{c} = 1.55 μm), and the frequency conversion range increases with increase of the third-order nonlinear susceptibility.

A unique spring model is established to describe a cylindrical interface layer with hexagonal (or transversely isotropic) symmetry between two solids, which is realized by asymptotically expanding the transfer matrix for the anisotropic layer. The accuracy of the model is evaluated based on a comparison between the exact and the approximate solutions of the scattering cross sections of an obliquely incident ultrasonic wave from an interface layer with different thickness.

The results of a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation are presented for CaSiO_{3} melt under an electric field. The two-body interaction potential is adopted in the simulation, with parameters chosen so that the calculated static structure is consistent with results of high temperature x-ray experiments. It is found that the MD results for the heat capacity at constant volume, the self-diffusion coefficient and the electrical conductivity change greatly when the electric field is over 500 MV/m. Discussion is given on these results, together with the frequency-dependent electrical conductivity.

The low-frequency relaxation internal friction spectrum of La_{2}CuO_{4+δ}has been measured from -170 to 200°C in an automatic torsion apparatus at frequencies between 0.1 and 5.0Hz. Three new relaxation processes are found with maxima, which are attributed to thermally activated diffusive jumps of oxygen atoms or vacancies in the oxygen sublattice, according to various activation enthalpies of three experimental runs. It is shown that the content of oxygen defect have important influences on the physical properties of La_{2}CuO_{4+δ}.

The deposition, diffusion and coalescence processes appeared in the surface growth of compact or liquid-like clusters system are studied. By introducing a critical cluster size i_{c}, such that clusters of size s≤ i_{c}, are mobile while clusters of the size s > i_{c} are immobile, the effects of mobility of small clusters on cluster size distribution are simulated. As i_{c} increases, the exponent γ which relates the maximum cluster density to the normalized deposition rate is increased. Numerical simulation results indicate that the scaled cluster-size distributions are independent of the deposition rate, but closely associated with the small clusters mobility. As i_{c} increases, it is found that the distributions become narrow.

Using the admittance spectroscopy technique, energy levels of subbands in SiGe/Si quantum well are studied. The value of activation energy increases with increasing well width, in accordance with the quantum confinement effect. Two conductance peaks due to hole emission from heavy hole ground state and light hole ground state were observed. It was found that the value of activation energy increased with annealing time at the temperature of 800^{o}C, while the activation energy decreases with the annealing time at 900^{o}C.

We investigated the influences of a uniform and a nanoscaled periodic magnetic field on electron's resonant tunneling through quantum-wire arrays (QWA). It is shown that, due to the magnetic quantum-size effect and additional destructive interference induced by the nanoscaled periodic magnetic field, ballistic conductance spectrum for electron tunneling through the QWA is strongly modified; while for uniform magnetic modulation, it cannot modify the resonant structure of ballistic conductance.

The influence of surface hydrogen coverage on the electron field emission of diamond films was investigated by high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy. It was found that hydrogen plasma treatment increased the surface hydrogen coverage while annealing caused hydrogen desorption and induced surface reconstruction. Field electron emission measurements manifested that increase of surface hydrogen coverage could improve the field emission properties, due to the decrease of electron affinity of the diamond surface by hydrogen adsorption.

The polycrystalline Ni_{48.2}Mn_{22.4}Ga_{29.4} alloys were prepared by means of melting in argon arc furnace. X-ray diffraction pattern indicates a fcc cubic structure with a lattice parameter of 0.5822nm at room temperature. The phase transformation temperatures were: 1°C for martensite start temperature, -11°C for martensite finish temperature, 3°C for austenite start temperature and 11°C for austenite start temperature, respectively. The results showed that the effect of magnetic field on the strains increases with the decrease of temperature. A strain of 2.1 x10^{-4} was obtained with an applied magnetic field of 5kOe at -66°C.

The characteristics of Couette flow of electrorheological fluid (ERF) between concentric cylinders is dependent on the parameter β, which is in the yield stress formula of ERF. In the case of β > 2, the yield region locates between the yield surface and the outer cylinder. In the case of β< 2, the yield region locates between the yield surface and the inner cylinder. When β= 2, there is no yield surface. Steady and time dependent numerical results in relation to different β are presented and discussed.

The photo-voltage signals in bacteriorhodopsin(bR) excited by 1064 nm pulse laser are different from those by 532 or 355nm. It shows that the positive and negative photoelectric signals are produced by the motion of the positive and negative charges, respectively, and more energy is needed for producing the positive charges than the negative. The mechanism of light-induced charge generation and charge transfer in bR was studied and analyzed by measuring the photoelectric signals with different impedance of measuring circuit and different pulse-width of 532nm laser as pump light.

We have performed CCD (charge coupled device) imaging toward the region near Haro 4-255 with a narrow band [SII] filter and an intermediate band [BATC10] filter (BATC: the“Beijing-Arizona-Taiwan-Connecticut”multi-color sky survey project) and have discovered two Herbig-Haro (HH) objects, HH469 and HH470. They are identified to be driven by the Haro 4-255 (far-infrared) source and the T Tauri star Haro 4-255, respectively.

We report on an ongoing work aimed to detect the separation speed of the two hot-spots of the compact symmetric object OQ208. Comparing images at 8.4 GHz taken in 6 epoches between 1994 and 1997 we obtain an estimate of 0.058±0.038 mas/year as the relative motions between two components of the radio source. At the red-shift of OQ208 1 mas correspond to 1 pc, thus we obtain a projected jet speed of 0.095±0.062c. With an inclination of 45^{o} between the jets and the line of sight, we have an actual jet velocity of 0.134±0.088c and therefore the kinematic age of the source is so young of 320±210 years.

We consider a (4 + d)-dimensional spacetime broken up into a (4 - n)-dimensional Minkowski spacetime (where n goes from 1 to 3) and a compact (n + d)-dimensional manifold. At the present time the n compactification radii are of the order of the Universe size, while the other d compactification radii are of the order of the Planck length.