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Volume 23 Issue 2
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Original Articles
Self-Organization of Topology and Weight Dynamics on Networks from Merging and Regeneration
ZHAO Hui, GAO Zi-You, YAN Gang, WANG Wen-Xu
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 275-278 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (251KB) ( 500 )
We propose a model of weighted networks in which the structural evolution is coupled with weight dynamics. Based on a simple merging and regeneration process, the model gives power-law distributions of degree, strength and weight, as observed in many real networks. It should be emphasized that, in our model, the nontrivial degree--strength correlation can be reproduced and in agreement with empirical data. Moreover, the size-growing evolution model is also presented to meet the properties of real-world systems.
Entanglement Swapping and Concentration in Multi-Pair Bose--Einstein Condensates
CAO Yong-Zheng, KUANG Le-Man
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 279-282 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (226KB) ( 534 )
We propose a scheme of entanglement swapping and concentration in a system consisting of multi-pair entangled trapped Bose--Einstein condensates (BECs). In this scheme, entanglement swapping is accomplished by using interference-pattern joint measurements and detecting the total number of condensed atoms leaking out of relevant traps while entanglement concentration is realized by controlling inter-atomic nonlinear and tunnelling interactions. Three- and four-pair BEC schemes are investigated in detail. It is found that with the increasing number of the entangled pairs, the region of entanglement concentration is broadened and the amount of concentrated entanglement is enhanced.
Practical Protocol for Telecloning Quantum States
TAN Jia, FANG Mao-Fa
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 283-286 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (191KB) ( 717 )
We describe a protocol for telecloning a quantum state to M distant users via an (M+1)-particle W state. In the scheme, two atoms interact simultaneously with a highly detuned cavity mode with the assistance of a classical field. The scheme is insensitive to the cavity decay and the thermal field. Moreover, the Bell-state measurement can be achieved by detecting two atoms separately. Thus telecloning can be realized in a simple way.
Polarization Encoded Quantum Key Distribution over Special Optical Fibres
LIU Wei-Tao, WU Wei, LIANG Lin-Mei, LI Cheng-Zu, YUAN Jian-Min
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 287-289 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (190KB) ( 612 )
Employing a polarization compensator, an optical fibre quantum key distribution (QKD) system based on polarization coding has been developed. To obtain the compensator setting parameters, the measurement of the laser pulse polarization is performed with one single photon detector. We obtain a sifted key bit rate of about 2kbits/s and a qubit error rate lower than 10% within 3.5h. It is shown that polarization coding can be used for QKD over optical fibres as well. At the same time, the system is simple, easy to operate, practical and user-friendly. It gains more advantages than other systems over optical fibres when used in local area quantum communications and where the functional agility is important.
Quantum Secure Direct Communication with W State
Hai-Jing, SONG He-Shan
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 290-292 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (167KB) ( 729 )
A new theoretical scheme for quantum secure direct communication is proposed, where four-qubit symmetric W state functions as quantum channel. It is shown that two legitimate users can directly transmit the secret messages by using Bell-basis measurements and classical communication. The scheme is completely secure if the quantum channel is perfect. Even if the quantum channel is unsecured, it is still possible for two users to perform their secure communication. One bit secret message can be transmitted by sending a bit classical information.

Linear Optical Implementation of Quantum Clock Synchronization Algorithm
WU Qin-Qin, ZHOU Lan, KUANG Le-Man
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 293-296 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (254KB) ( 512 )
We propose optical implementation for the quantum clock synchronization (QCS) algorithm by using only linear optical elements. Our method is based on the single photon representation of qubits. Two kinds of linear optical realization schemes, i.e., the location-plus-polarization-qubit scheme and the all-location-qubit scheme, are proposed, respectively. Linear optical realizations of three-qubit and four-qubit QCS algorithm are explicitly presented.
Synchronization of Chaotic Storage-Ring Free-Electron Laser by Bi-Directional Coupling Scheme with the Coupling Strength Varied Periodically
HUANG Liang-Yu, LUO Xiao-Shu
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 297-300 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (214KB) ( 474 )
We analyse the chaotic dynamics of storage-ring free-electron lasers and report a bi-directional coupled scheme with the coupling strength varied periodically to synchronize two chaotic storage-ring free-electron lasers. The period is the same as the period of system's external modulation. The possibility of synchronization is proven according to the Lyapunov stability theory. The results of numerical simulation are obtained. Both the numerical simulation and theoretic analysis show that two storage-ring free-electron lasers can be controlled in the synchronization in a short time with this method.
Exact Solution of the One-Dimensional N-Component Bariev Model with a Hard-Core Repulsion under Open Boundary Conditions
KE San-Min, YUE Rui-Hong
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 301-304 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (219KB) ( 414 )
We analyse the integrable boundary conditions for the one-dimensional N-component generalized Bariev model with a hard-core repulsion. The Bethe ansatz equations and the energy spectrum are obtained in the framework of the nested Bethe ansatz method.
Two-Dimensional Saddle Point Equation of Ginzburg--Landau Hamiltonian for the Diluted Ising Model
WU Xin-Tian
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 305-308 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (219KB) ( 394 )
The saddle point equation of Ginzburg--Landau Hamiltonian for the diluted Ising model is developed. The ground state is solved numerically in two dimensions. The result is partly explained by the coarse-grained approximation.
Theoretical Design of Fibre-Based Digital Autocorrelator for Completely Characterizing Ultrashort Pulses
PAN Shi-Long, LOU Cai-Yun
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 309-312 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (236KB) ( 510 )
A new idea to design fibre-based digital autocorrelation technique for completely characterizing ultrashort pulses is presented. Feasibility of the design is demonstrated by theory. The technique is found to promise minimized optical alignment requirements, compact configuration, high time resolution, and short measurement time.
Measurement of Mg Content in Zn1-xMgxO Films by Electron Probe Microanalysis
YAN Feng-Ping, JIAN Shui-Sheng, WANG Lin, Kenichi OGATA, Kazuto KOIKE, Shigehiko SASA, Masatake INOUE, Mitsuaki YANO,
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 313-315 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (207KB) ( 485 )
Zn1-xMgxO films are grown on A-sapphire substrates by molecular beam epitaxy, and Mg content in the Zn1-xMgxO films is measured by electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) when the acceleration voltage, the emission current, and the magnification are set to be 1kV, 30μA and 1000, respectively. The dead time is controlled within 17%--20% during the easurement with the receive angle of characteristic x-ray of 45°. The Mg content of the ZnMgO film is calculated by the low energy calibration and the ZAF calibration. By comparing the measurement result with the theoretical analysis and the EPMA result with the inductively coupled plasma (ICP), one can obtain that the measured value of Mg content of the samples is in good agreement with the theoretical analysis no matter whether the phase separation exists or not, and the correctness of ICP and EPMA is valid when Mg content in the samples is less than 0.5.
New Monte Carlo Simulations to a Generalized XY Model
LIU Hui-Ping, SUN Yun-Zhou, YI Lin
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 316-319 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (219KB) ( 682 )
A new combination Monte Carlo (MC) technique of the classical Metropolis algorithm and the Swendsen--Wang cluster algorithm is proposed. Upon application of the MC technique, the thermodynamic properties of a generalized two-dimensional XY model with chiral Dzyaloshinski--Moriya (DM) interactions are simulated for various DM interactions. The specific heat, order parameter and the integrated correlation time are simulated. We find that there exists a high-temperature Kosterlitz--Thouless-type phase transition related to strong DM spin chiralities. As the DM strength increases the critical temperature of the Kosterlitz--Thouless phase transition increases. It is shown that the combination algorithm is faster than the Metropolis algorithms.
A Multisymplectic Variational Framework for the Nonlinear Elastic Wave Equation
CHEN Jing-Bo
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 320-323 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (184KB) ( 477 )
A multisymplectic variational framework for the nonlinear elastic wave equation is presented. The modified internal energy corresponding to the approximate nonlinear elastic wave equation is derived. we obtain the equation, its associated local energy and momentum conservation laws as well as the multisymplectic form simultaneously directly from the variational principle.
A Solution of the DGLAP Equation for Gluon Distribution as a Function of F2 and dF2/d lnQ2 at Low x: the Next-to-Leading Order Analysis
G. R. Boroun, B. Rezaie
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 324-327 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (224KB) ( 396 )
We obtain a solution of the DGLAP equation to extract the gluon distribution function from the deep inelastic structure function F2 and its derivative with respect to ln Q2 at low x in the next-to-leading order of perturbation theory. The values of the gluon distribution are found in the range 10-4 ≤ x ≤ 10-2 at Q2=20GeV2. We test its validity by comparing it with that of Glück, Reya and Vogt. The detailed analysis is given for the HERA data.
High Spin Band Structure in 112Ru
CHE Xing-Lai, ZHU Sheng-Jiang, J. H. Hamilton, A. V. Ramayya, J. K. Hwang, J. O. Rasmussen, Y. X. Luo, CHEN Yong-Jing, LI Ming-Liang, DING Huai-Bo, U Yong-Nam, I. Y. Lee, W. C. Ma
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 328-331 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (328KB) ( 379 )
Levels in the neutron-rich 112Ru nucleus have been investigated by observing prompt gamma-rays from the spontaneous fission of 252Cf with the Gammasphere detector array. The ground-state band and the one-phonon g-vibrational band have been confirmed and extended with spin up to 16ħ and 15ħ, respectively. The other two side bands, one proposed as two-phonon g-vibrational band and the other proposed as two-quasiparticle band, have been observed for the first time. The total-Routhian-surface calculations show that rotational 112Ru nucleus has triaxial deformation with parameters β2~0.27 and γ=-29 °. The observed band crossing in the yrast band is due to the alignment of a pair of h11/2 neutrons according to the cranked shell model calculations. The possible configuration for the quasiparticle band has also been discussed.
Evolution of Shower Parton Distributions in a Jet from Quark Recombination Model
TAN Zhi-Guang, YANG Chun-Bin
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 332-335 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (227KB) ( 478 )
The evolution of shower parton distributions in a jet is investigated in the framework of a quark recombination model. The distributions are parameterized and the Q2 dependence of the parameters is given by polynomials of ln Q2 for a wide range of Q2.
Electron Cloud in Various Kinds of Magnetic Field of BEPCII
LIU Yu-Dong, GUO Zhi-Yuan, QIN Qing, WANG Jiu-Qing
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 336-339 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (322KB) ( 549 )
Electron cloud instability (ECI) may take place in a positron storage ring when the machine is operated with a multi-bunch positron beam. According to the actual shape of the vacuum chamber in the BEPCII, a programme which is different from the other simulation codes has been developed. Because of the distance between dipole magnet and sextupole, the quadrupole magnet of BEPCII is very short, much of the photoelectrons can be produced and can move in magnetic fields. The motion of electrons in various kinds of magnetic fields is studied in detail, especially for the solenoid field which will be wound in the vacuum pipe of BEPCII. Simulation shows that the solenoid field is very effective to confine the electrons to the vicinity of the vacuum chamber wall and to make an electron free region at the vacuum pipe centre.
Phase Control of Spontaneous Emission of a Three-Level Atom in Two Bichromatic Fields
LI Xiao-Xia, HU Xiang-Ming, SHI Wen-Xing, XU Qing, GUO Hong-Ju, LI Jing-Yan
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 340-343 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (225KB) ( 489 )
We use the relative phase difference of two bichromatic fields of equal frequency differences for the coherent control of spontaneous emission of a three-level atom in the Λ configuration. Effects such as selective and total cancellation of fluorescence decay are obtained simply by varying the phase difference. The phase dependence of fluorescence spectra is attributed to the fact that the four different field components induce the transitions in a closed loop configuration.
Hexapole State-Selection and Beam Focus of Polar Top Molecules
LIU Fu-Chun, JIN Ming-Xing, GAO Xin, DING Da-Jun
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 344-347 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (224KB) ( 437 )
We express a description of the state-selection role for a polar molecule in a hexapole electrostatic field. By a quantum mechanical treatment of the molecular Stark energy and a classical mechanical treatment for the molecular trajectory in the field, we present the calculated results of the different molecular rotational state selection and beam focus and discuss the influence of the high order Stark effect, the beam speed on the results for the symmetric top molecule CH3CN, CH3I, and the asymmetric top molecule CH2F2 in the hexapole field. The method established and results obtained can be taken as a guide for hexapole state selection and beam focus of polar top molecules.
Numerical Study on Left-Handed Materials Made of Ferrite and Metallic Wires
CAI Xiao-Bing, ZHOU Xiao-Ming, HU Geng-Kai,
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 348-351 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (247KB) ( 551 )
Due to coupling effect, we show that it is difficult to realize the left-handed material by placing metallic wires directly into a ferrite matrix. However by introducing an insulating material round the metallic wires to decouple the direct interaction between the metallic wire and ferrite matrix, we have proposed two microstructures, which are shown by numerical simulation to have negative refractive indexes. The influence of microstructure on the transmission property is also examined.
Outline Imaging by THz Time Domain Spectroscopy
XI Zai-Jun, XIAO Ti-Qiao, ZHANG Zeng-Yan, YU Xiao-Han, CHEN Min, XU Hong-Jie
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 352-354 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (197KB) ( 487 )
Outline imaging by THz time domain spectroscopy is proposed. Spectroscopic splitting at interface is reported. The principle of outline imaging is put forward. Experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of outline imaging by spectroscopic splitting. It is shown that clear outline image of sample interface could be achieved easily by this technique. The spatial resolution is about 0.6mm. The THz-beam focus, the scanning step and the THz pulse width are the critical factors affecting the imaging resolution. The signal-to-noise ratio of this technique could be improved greatly compared to the conventional transmission imaging.
Polarization Maintaining Fibre Loop Mirror for NRZ-to-PRZ Conversion in All-Optical Clock Recovery
XU Fan, ZHANG Xin-Liang, LIU Hai-Rong, LIU De-Ming, HUANG De-Xiu
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 355-358 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (206KB) ( 560 )
We propose a novel configuration for clock extraction by converting the NRZ data into the PRZ data and by employing a polarization-maintaining fibre loop mirror (PMFLM) which is usually used as an optical comb filter. It is found that the PMFLM can simply be constructed by a polarization controller and polarization-maintaining fibre (PMF). We theoretically analyse the principle of PMFLM for the NRZ-to-PRZ conversion. Experimentally we demonstrate 10Gbit/s all-optical clock recovery through our proposed setup. It is shown that recovered clock signal with an extinction ratio above 10dB can be achieved.
Dynamics of Entanglement for Coherent Motional States of Two Trapped Ions in Cascaded Optical Cavities
LI Gao-Xiang, ZHANG Fan, WU Shao-Ping
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 359-362 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (237KB) ( 608 )
We study the generation of an entangled motional coherent state of two distant ions trapped in two cascaded cavities, in which the motional mode of the each ion is coupled to the respective cavity field via a linear-mixing interaction. The master equation is solved analytically by using the characteristic function method. It is found that the generated entangled coherent state resulted from the initial preparation of an even coherent state is more robust than that from an odd coherent state under the dissipation of the cavity.
A Laser-Diode-Pumped 7.36W Continuous-Wave Nd:YVO4 Laser At 1342nm
ZHANG Yu-Ping, ZHENG Yi, ZHANG Hui-Yun, YAO Jian-Quan
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 363-365 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (184KB) ( 955 )
An efficient and high-power diode-laser single-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser with cw emission at 1342nm is presented. With a crystal single-end-pumped by a fibre-coupled diode laser, an output power of 7.36W is obtained from the laser cavity of concave-convex, corresponding to an optical-to-optical conversion efficiency of 32.8%. The laser is operated in TEM00 mode with small rms noise amplitude of 0.3%. This represents, to the best of our knowledge, the highest power obtained from a diode-laser single-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1342nm so far.
Arbitrary Three-Phase Shifting Algorithm for Achieving Full Range Spectral Optical Coherence Tomography
MA Zhen-He, Ruikang K. WANG, ZHANG Fan, YAO Jian-Quan
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 366-369 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (232KB) ( 552 )
An arbitrary three-phase shifting algorithm is introduced in order to achieve full range spectral optical coherence tomography imaging of biological tissue. Theoretical treatment behind this approach is given and experimentally verified. It is shown that this method is capable of eliminating the undesired auto correlation and complex conjugate images, leading to the un-obscured full range spectral OCT imaging. An intact porcine eye is used to demonstrate the potential of such a method for biological imaging.
Amorphous/Crystalline (n-n) Si Heterojunction Photodetector Made by Q-Switched 0.532-mm Laser Pulses with Novel Technique
Raid A. Ismail, Kadhim A. Hubeatir, Abdullah K. Abass
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 370-373 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (241KB) ( 640 )
Amorphous/crystalline n--n-isotype Si heterojunctions are made by a pulsed Q-switched second harmonic generation Nd:YAG laser. The process includes melting and subsequently fast resolidification of a thin front layer of monocrystalline Si by laser pulses to create an amorphous layer (phase transition). Different laser energy densities are used to form the amorphous layer on a monocrystalline Si substrate, the results of the electrical characteristics of the heterojunctions are dependent strongly on the laser energy density. Optoelectronic properties such as current--voltage, capacitance--voltage, and spectral sensitivity are measured in a-Si/c-Si heterojunctions (in the absence of anti-reflecting coating and frontal grid contact) prepared by different laser energy densities. The built-in-potential values extracted from current--voltage measurements are close to the published results of (n-p) amorphous/crystalline heterojunction made by glow discharge and plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition. Furthermore, examination of the formation of amorphous pattern on Si surface is carried out with the help of optical microscopy. Best photovoltaic performance is recognized to be at 5.6J/cm2. The photodetector shows a wide spectral response, and the peak response is at 780nm. On the other hand, this peak is independent of laser energy.
Compression of Intense Laser Pulse through Filamentation in an Argon-Filled Cell
LIU Jun, CHEN Xiao-Wei, ZHU Yi, LENG Yu-Xin, DAI Jun, GE Xiao-Chun, LI Ru-Xin, XU Zhi-Zhan
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 374-376 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (196KB) ( 697 )
We demonstrate a pulse compression technique through filamentation in an argon-filled cell. By using a pair of chirped mirrors for dispersion compensation, we have successfully compressed the 53fs pulse to 15fs with good spatial qualities and good pulse stability. The total transmitted efficiency is more than 75%. The influence of the experiment parameters to the compressed pulses is also studied experimentally.
Effects of Laser Intensities and Target Shapes on Attosecond Pulse Generation from Irradiated Solid Surfaces
ZHENG Jun, SHENG Zheng-Ming, ZHANG Jie, CHEN Min, MA Yan-Yun
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 377-380 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (217KB) ( 558 )
Single attosecond pulses can be generated when an intense laser pulse focused in a volume of a few cubic wavelengths (λ3) is reflected from a solid plasma surface. With relativistic two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations, we investigate the effects of the incident laser intensity and the target surface profiles on attosecond pulse generation. Usually the width of the reflected attosecond pulse decreases and its electromagnetic energy density increases with increasing laser intensity, while the energy conversion efficiency to the attoseond pulse decreases. By changing the target surface profile, such as using a convex surface or adding proper preplasma, one can further shorten the attosecond pulse duration and meanwhile increase its energy density.
Switching Dynamic Analysis for Twin-Core Fibre Coupler Using Supermode Theory
LUO Ai-Ping, XU Wen-Cheng, CHEN Wei-Cheng, CUI Hu
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 381-384 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (214KB) ( 497 )
Characteristics of optical switching in a twin-core fibre coupler are numerically analysed under short pulse input by using supermode theory. The dynamic nonlinear coupled supermode equations are derived. The numerical results show that the input pulse width determines the power transfer and the pulse temporal profile in the output ports. The optimal switching characteristics can be obtained by selecting an appropriate initial pulse width. In addition, the switching characteristic curves are insensitive to the input pulse shape for either fundamental soliton pulse or Gaussian pulse input, but sensitive to pulse sharpness. A reduced switching power and a sharper switching transition can be obtained by using the sharp super-Gaussian pulse.
Fire Smoke Particle Size Measurement Based on the Multiwavelength and Multiangle Light Scattering Method
SHU Xue-Ming, FANG Jun, SHAO Quan, YUAN Hong-Yong, FAN Wei-Cheng,
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 385-387 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (209KB) ( 747 )
A multiwavelength and multiangle mathematical model (MWMA) is developed, and the corresponding influence factors of the model are analysed by the numerical calculation. Combined with measurement data of radiation flux and the curve in theoretical calculation, particle sizes of different materials can be obtained. It is found that smoke particle size gradually decreases from land plaster, cotton wick, beech wood, polyurethane, sandalwood, decahydronaphthalene, to N-heptane.
Triple-Periodical Photonic Crystal Heterostructures for Multichannel Ultranarrow Transmission Filters
AN Lei, WANG Guo-Ping
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 388-391 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (209KB) ( 466 )
Triple-periodical photonic crystal heterostructures (ABC)N for multichannel ultranarrow transmission filters are designed and demonstrated. Theoretical calculations and experimental results from TiO2/SiO2 constructed heterostructures show that each transmission channel can reach subnanometre scale, implying technical importance of such structures in the fields of integrated optics, optical communications for the design of high-performance multichannel filters, wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) and dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) systems, etc.
Ultra-Long Haul L-Band WDM Transmission over a Standard Single-Mode Fibre Loop Using DCF+CFBG Hybrid Dispersion Compensation
TONG Zhi, JIAN Shui-Sheng, WANG Guang-Quan, CEN Hong, LI Ju-Hao, ZHENG Lei, CHEN Zhang-Yuan, WANG Zi-Yu, ZHU Li-Xin, XU An-Shi, HUANG Guang-Ming, ZHU Ya-Ming, WEI Huai, NING Ti-Gang, LIU Yan, TAN Zhong-Wei
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 392-395 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (282KB) ( 580 )
We demonstrate a 10.7Gb/s-line-rate L-band wavelength-division-multiplexer (WDM) loop transmission over a 1890-km standard single-mode fibre (SSMF) with a 100-km amplifier spacing as well as non-return-to-zero (NRZ) format. The dispersion compensating fibre (DCF) plus chirped fibre Bragg grating (CFBG) is employed for hybrid inline dispersion compensation. The power penalty of each channel is less than 3dB after three-loop transmission. The experimental results show that high-performance CFBGs can be successfully used in ultra-long haul (>1000km) WDM systems. We also point out that the all-CFBG compensation scheme is not suitable for re-circulating loop transmissions.
Characteristics of Dust Plasma Sheath in an Oblique Magnetic Field
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 396-398 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (202KB) ( 884 )
The characteristics of dust plasma sheath in an oblique magnetic field are investigated with a fluid model. Hot electrons, cold ions, neutral particles, and dust grains are taken into account in this system. We perform a numerical simulation of the sheath. The results reveal that the magnetic field has significant effects on the sheath structure, and it also makes the suspension position of dust shift away from the wall.
Propagation of Fast Magnetoacoustic Waves in Stratified Solar Atmosphere
ZHENG Hui-Nan, ZHANG Yuan-Yuan, WANG Shui, WANG Chuan-Bing, LI Yi
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 399-402 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (264KB) ( 577 )
The characteristics of magnetohydrodynamic fast wave propagation in the solar stratified atmosphere are studied by the ray tracing method. The propagation behaviour of the wavefronts is described in detail. A magnetic field incorporating the characteristics field spreading expected in flux tubes is used, which represents the main feature of an active region. Partly ionization is considered beside the stratified solar atmosphere consisting chromosphere, transition region and corona. The study may explain the characteristics in observations of Moreton and extra-ultraviolet image telescope (EIT) waves. The wavefront incurred by the disturbance initialized at the base of the transition region propagates fast initially due to strong magnetic field, and it slows down when arriving beyond the region of flux-tube. Meanwhile, the wave propagates in the corona with a more consistent speed, as seen in the observation of EIT waves. The speeds and propagated characteristics in chromosphere and corona of the wavefronts are in agreement with those observed in Hα Moreton and EIT waves, respectively.
Effects of Dipole Moment on the Lattice Waves in One-Dimensional Dust Chain
WANG Chun-Hua, WANG Xiao-Gang
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 403-406 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (337KB) ( 499 )
Effects of dipole moment on the horizontal dust lattice waves in one-dimensional dust chain are investigated. The general dispersion relations are derived. The waves are sensitive to the direction of the dipole moment, which has an angle θ (0≤θ≤π) with respect to the vertical direction.
When the waves are self-excited, it is shown that the real part of frequency for longitudinal wave is increased, while it is decreased for the horizontal transverse wave with increasing θ. When the waves are externally exited, both the real and imaginary parts of wave number are decreased for the longitudinal and transverse waves with increasing θ.

Stability of Tokamak Equilibrium with Internal Transport Barrier against High-n MHD Ballooning Mode
SHI Bing-Ren, QU Wen-Xiao, DONG Jia-Qi
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 407-409 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (213KB) ( 387 )
A new eigen-mode equation for the tokamak high-n (the toroidal mode number) ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) ballooning mode in tokamak plasmas is derived to include the toroidal effects that are significant for stability of configurations with internal transport barriers (ITBs). For tokamak equilibria of shift circular flux surfaces, these toroidal effects basically are the finite inverse aspect ratio and the Shafranov shift. The former yields the averaged favorable curvature stabilization while the latter further strengthens this effect, leading to a low shear stable channel connecting the first and second stability regions, and to the shrinkage of unstable region in the (s,α) diagram. The dependence of the critical shear, below which the plasma is stable, on these effects is given. These results are important for understanding the ITB physics to some regards.
Finite-Difference Time-Domain Analysis of Wave Propagation in a Thin Plasma Layer
LIU Ming-Hai, HU Xi-Wei, JIANG Zhong-He, ZHANG Shu, PAN Yuan
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 410-412 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (198KB) ( 512 )
The propagation property of an electromagnetic wave in a thin plasma layer at high pressure is investigated with the finite-difference time-domain method. The effects of the non-uniformity of plasma distribution, and the frequency of incident wave on the propagation property of the electromagnetic wave are discussed. Numerical results indicate that the phase shift and the reflectivity of wave are sensitive to plasma density distribution, and reflectivity is lower at the middle band of frequency for different plasma distributions.
A One-Dimensional Method for Calculating the Exit Wavefunction
ZENG Song-Jun, YANG Qi-Bin, CAI Can-Ying, LIU Hong-Rong
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 413-416 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (217KB) ( 434 )
We develop the multi-slice method for calculating wavefunction of a crystal consisting of atomic columns. The new method reduces numerical calculation from two dimensions to one dimension and is much faster than that of the traditional multi-slice method. The calculated result by the one-dimensional method is in agreement with that of the traditional one.
Crystallization Kinetics of Co48Cr15Mo14C15B6Er2 Bulk Metallic Glass with High Thermal Stability
MEN Hua, PANG Shu-Jie, LI Ran, ZHANG Tao
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 417-419 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (198KB) ( 463 )
We investigate the crystallization kinetics of Co48Cr15Mo14C15B6Er2 bulk metallic glass. It is found that Co48Cr15Mo14C15B6Er2 alloy shows extraordinary glass-forming ability, and a fully glassy rod with a diameter of 10,mm can be formed. Thermal analysis exhibits that this glassy alloy has a high thermal stability. Johnson--Mehl--Avrami analysis of isothermal differential scanning calorimetry demonstrates that the crystalline phases homogeneously nucleates at a constant rate and grows linearly at a constant rate in three dimensions in the supercooled liquid of the glassy alloy.
Deformation Twinning in Nanocrystalline Ni during Cryogenic Rolling
FENG Xiu-Yan, CHENG Zhi-Ying, ZHOU Jia, WU Xiao-Lei, WANG Zi-Qiang, HONG You-Shi
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 420-422 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (205KB) ( 986 )
Deformation twinning is evidenced by transmission electron microscopy examinations in electrodeposited nanocrystalline (nc) Ni with mean grain size 25nm upon cryogenic rolling. Two twinning mechanisms are confirmed to operate in nc grains, i.e. heterogeneous formation via emission of partial dislocations from the grain boundary and homogeneous nucleation through dynamic overlapping of stacking faults, with the former being determined as the most proficient. Deformation twinning in nc Ni may be well interpreted in terms of molecular dynamics simulation based on generalized planar fault energy curves.
Design and Parameter Analysis for Explosive-Driven Demagnetization Pulsed Power Source
SHI Shang-Chun, MENG Chuan-Min, HE Hong-Liang, DONG Shi, ZHAO Feng
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 423-425 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (216KB) ( 549 )
We design a pulsed power source based on the technique for explosive-driven demagnetization. The physical process and geometry structure of this power source are described in detail and several formulae are deduced to predict some important properties of the power source. With a Ф 40mm×20mm×10mm cylindrical magnet, the maximum output voltage and current reaches 125.5V and 862.9A, respectively. The rise time of the front edge of the output voltage is about 264ns. On the 0.05Ω simulative load, the net power is 37kW.
Metallization of Cu3N Semiconductor under High Pressure
YANG Liu-Xiang, ZHAO Jing-Geng, YU Yong, LI Feng-Ying, YU Ri-Cheng, JIN Chang-Qing
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 426-427 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (179KB) ( 802 )
Using the four-probe method, we investigate the electrical conductivity of Cu3N under high pressure with the diamond anvil cell. Cu3N is a semiconductor at ambient pressure showing a band gap about 1eV. With the application of quasi-hydrostatic pressures, its resistance decreases dramatically over five orders of magnitude from ambient to 9GPa. The compound became a metal at pressure about 5.5GPa, which is in well agreement with the recent first principle calculation.
Magic Number Behaviour and Structures of Silicon Dioxide-Based Clusters
SHAO He-Zhu, LI Yu-Fen, ZHUANG Jun
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 428-431 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (221KB) ( 626 )
The lowest energy structures of (SiO2)nO2 cluster skeletons with size from n=2 to 12 is investigated theoretically by genetic algorithm. The calculations based on the Tsuneyuki--Tsukada--Aoki--Matsui (TTAM) and Flikkema--Bromley (FB) potentials give the same result: n=4 and n=8 are the magic numbers in the virtual (SiO2)nO2 cluster sequence. This conclusion is in agreement with the experimental observation on the [(SiO2)nO2H3]- cluster sequence. The comparison of the present results with those from the density-functional-theory calculations on (SiO2)nO2H4 shows that addition of H atoms to the O terminals of (SiO2)nO2 clusters to form the complex (SiO2)nO2H4 clusters has only minor influence on the relative energies and the structures of different isomers. This means that the magic behaviour of the clusters [(SiO2)nO2H3]- (n=4, 8) observed in our previous experiment is originated from the stability of the cluster skeletons (SiO2)n02 (n=4, 8).
Improved Surface Characteristics and Contact Performance of Epitaxial p-AlGaN by a Chemical Treatment Process
SHAO Jia-Ping, HAN Yan-Jun, WANG Lai, JIANG Yang, XI Guang-Yi, LI Hong-Tao, ZHAO Wei, LUO Yi
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 432-435 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (241KB) ( 789 )
The comparative study of epitaxial 380-nm-thick p-Al0.91Ga0.909 N materials without and with special surface chemical treatment is systematically carried out. After the treatment process, the deep level luminous peak in the 10K photoluminescence spectrum is eliminated due to the decrease of surface nitrogen vacancy VN related defective sites, while the surface root-mean-square roughness in atomic force microscopy measurement is decreased from 0.395nm to 0.229nm by such a surface preparation method. Furthermore, the performance of surface contact with Ni/Au bilayer metal films is obviously improved with the reduction of the Schottky barrier height of 55meV. The x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) results show a notable surface element content change after the treatment which is considered to be the cause of the above-mentioned surface characteristics improvement.

Effect of Small-Angle Scattering on the Integer Quantum Hall Plateau
SHU Qiang, LIN Yao-Wang, XING Xiao-Dong, YAO Jiang-Hong, PI Biao, SHU Yong-Chun, WANG Zhan-Guo, XU Jing-Jun
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 436-438 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (213KB) ( 497 )
A GaAs/AlGaAs two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) structure with the high mobility of mu2K=1.78×106cm1/Vs has been studied by low-temperature Hall and Shubnikov de Hass (SdH) measurements. Quantum lifetimes related to all-angle scattering events reduced from 0.64ps to 0.52ps after illuminating by Dingle plots, and transport lifetimes related to large-angle scattering events increasing from 42.3ps to 67.8ps. These results show that small-angle scattering events become stronger. It is clear that small-angle scattering events can cause the variation of the widths of the quantum Hall plateaus.
Tunable Kondo Effect of a Three-Terminal Transport Quantum Dot Embedded in an Aharonov--Bohm Ring
CHEN Xiong-Wen, SHI Zhen-Gang, WU Shao-Quan, SONG Ke-Hui,
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 439-442 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (229KB) ( 496 )
We theoretically investigate the Kondo effect of a three-terminal transport quantum dot (QD) embedded in an Aharonov--Bohm ring in the Kondo regime by means of the one-impurity Anderson Hamiltonian. The Hamiltonian is solved by means of the slave-boson mean-field theory. We find that in this system, the Kondo effect depends sensitively on the parity and size of the ring; the Kondo screening cloud can be tuned by tuning the coupling strength of the reservoir-dot. Thus this model might be a candidate for future device applications.
Photo-Induced Carriers in Near-Stoichiometric LiNbO3:Fe Crystal
GAO Guo-Xiang, XU Jing-Jun, ZHANG Shu, LIU Wen-Hui, LIU Hong-De, KONG Yong-Fa, CHEN Shao-Lin, ZHANG Guang-Yin, SUN Qian
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 443-445 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (202KB) ( 475 )
We detect the photo-induced carriers in near-stoichiometric iron doped LiNbO3 crystal by the holographic technique. The results show that the dominant carriers are electrons in the sample with Li/Nb ratio of 0.9988. By analysis of the OH- absorption spectra of the crystal, we contribute the electron domination in near-stoichiometric Fe-doped LiNbO3 crystal to the existence of NbLi which provides the anti-site defect to Fe2+.
Enhanced Spin Injection into ZnO Semiconductor Measured by Magnetoresistance
JI Gang, YAN Shi-Shen, CHEN Yan-Xue, LIU Guo-Lei, CAO Qiang, MEI Liang-Mo
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 446-449 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (219KB) ( 618 )
We prepare 2×(NiFe/CoZnO)/ZnO/(CoZnO/Co)×2 spin valve structures used for spin injection by sputtering and photolithography. In the junctions, the free magnetic layer 2×(NiFe/CoZnO) and the fixed magnetic layer (CoZnO/Co)×2 are used to realize the spin valve functions in the external switch magnetic field. Since the wide gap semiconductor ZnO layer is located between the two magnetic semiconductor layers CoZnO, the electrical spin injection from the magnetic semiconductor CoZnO into the non-magnetic semiconductor ZnO is realized. Based on the measured magnetoresistance and the Schmidt model, the spin polarization ratio in the ZnO semiconductor is deduced to be 11.7% at 90K and 7.0% at room temperature, respectively.
Anticrossing Gap between Pairs of the Subbands in AlxGa1-xN/GaN Double Quantum Wells
LEI Shuang-Ying, SHEN Bo, ZHANG Guo-Yi
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 450-452 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (177KB) ( 610 )
Dependences of anticrossing gaps between pairs of subbands in AlxGa1-xN/GaN double quantum wells (DQWs) on the width and the Al composition of the central barrier of the DQWs and on the well width of the DQWs have been investigated by solving the Schrödinger and Poisson equations self-consistently. It is found that the anticrossing gaps are not influenced by the polarization-induced electric field in the DQWs. The anticrossing gaps decrease with increasing the width and the Al composition of the central barrier of the DQWs, as well as with the increasing well width of the DQWs. According to the results of the calculation, the anticrossing gaps can reach 150meV in AlxGa1-xN/GaN DQWs. There is significant coupling between the two wells of the DQWs when the width of the central barrier of the DQWs is narrower than 2nm.
Reconsideration of Orth I and Orth II Phases in Ln-System Superconductors
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 453-455 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (183KB) ( 414 )
A block model is used to calculate the combinative energy in LnBa2Cu3O7-x (Ln=Y, Er, Nd) systems, and the energy has no difference for orth-I and orth-II in the plateau range. Namely, no matter what phase it is, when the oxygen deficiency is in the range of δ~0.35--0.55, the plateau appears in the energy -δ curves, and the combinative energy has close correlation with the Tc value. The result in the present work gives some hints to reconsider the role of the order of oxygen defects or its effect on superconductivity in LnBa2Cu3O7-x. The existence of the orth-II seems not to be the reason for the plateau in the Tc curve. This is an important problem for LnBa2Cu3O7-x and some suggestion is given in the discussion.
Infrared Absorption of Phase Separated La0.67-xPrxCa0.33MnO3
LU Zun-Ming, SUN Ji-Rong, LI Yang-Xian
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 456-459 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (225KB) ( 615 )
Infrared absorption spectra of La0.67-xPrxCa0.33MnO3 (x=0, 0.18 and 0.36) are experimentally studied in the temperature range 20--300K. Absorption peak splitting corresponding to the stretching oscillation of the Mn--O bond, together with a shift of peak position, is observed below the Curie temperature. These features weaken and even disappear as the samples are warmed up to the Curie temperature, which indicates that this anomaly may be a result of phase separation in the compounds.
Thermal Hysteresis in La2/3 Ca1/3 MnO3 Films Grown on Tilted SrTiO3 Substrates and Influence of External Magnetic Field
GUAN Dong-Yi, ZHOU Qing-Li, ZHAO Kun, SUN Jia-Xing, JIN Kui-Juan, CHEN Zheng-Hao, LU Hui-Bin, YANG Guo-Zhen
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 460-462 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (258KB) ( 322 )
Thermal hysteresis in the resistivity of La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 thin films grown on tilted SrTiO3 substrates is simulated by using the random network model on the basis of mixed-phase percolation between metallic and insulating domains. The metallic-insulating transition temperatures during the warming process are lower than those during the cooling process due to the difference in fraction of metallic domains between warming and cooling process. With an external magnetic field, the metallic--insulating transition temperatures shift to a higher value and the resistivities are reduced. The excellent agreement between the simulation and the experimental data further verifies that phase separation plays a crucial role in the transport process of La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 thin films.
Magnetoelectric Coupling in Bilayers of Pb(Zr, Ti)O3 Epoxy and Hot Pressed Manganite Perovskite
ZHANG Ning, YIN Xiao-Ming, WANG Miao, Schneider T., Srinivasan G.
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 463-466 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (222KB) ( 638 )
The synthesis and magnetoelectric (ME) characterization of bilayers of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 (PZT) and hot pressed manganite perovskite La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) are discussed. Very strong ME interactions are measured for the bilayers. The bilayers exhibit superior ME coupling compared to thick-film composites prepared by tape casting process. Data of the ME voltage coefficient have been obtained as functions of bias magnetic field H, temperature and frequency. The transverse coupling is stronger than the longitudinal interactions and a maximum in the ME voltage coefficient is measured at 225K. The frequency dependence of the ME voltage coefficient reveals a peak at the electromechanical resonance due to radial modes.
Formation of Interfacial Layers in LaAlO3/Silicon during Film Deposition
XIANG Wen-Feng, LU Hui-Bin, YAN Lei, HE Meng, ZHOU Yue-Liang, CHEN Zheng-Hao
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 467-469 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (199KB) ( 372 )
We have studied the interfacial reactions between amorphous LaAlO3 thin films and Si substrates, using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It has been shown that the interfacial layer between LaAlO3 film and Si substrate is SiLaxAlyOz. The depth distributions of La, Si and Al chemical states show that the ratio of La 4d3/2 to Al 2p of the interfacial layer remains unchanged with the depth compared to that of the LaAlO3 film. Moreover, the Si content in the interfacial layer gradually decreases with increasing thickness of the interfacial layer. These results strongly suggest that the Al element is not deficient in the interfacial layer, as previously believed, and the formation of a SiLaxAlyOz interfacial layer is mainly due to the diffusion of Si from the substrate during the LaAlO3 film deposition. With the understanding of the interfacial layer formation, ones can control the interface characteristics to ensure the desired performances of devices using high-k oxides as gate dielectrics.
Resolution Ability and Surface Bright Spots of a Lossy Left-handed Material Slab
LI Chao, LI Fang
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 470-473 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (227KB) ( 397 )
The imaging quality of a lossy left-handed material (LHM) slab is studied. The exact solution is obtained for the interaction of a monochromatic source with a lossy LHM slab by Fourier integrals in wave number domain. It is found that a small amount of loss may have a strong suppression of the super-resolution ability. However, the resolution of a lossy slab can still be better than a conventional lens because the evanescent wave can still be partly restored if the loss is small enough. The localized field with large amplitude (surface bright spots) near the interfaces of the slab is related to the resonance of the coupling between surface waves at the interfaces. The evanescent wave restoration and the surface bright spots are two relevant phenomena. The distance of the bright spots is close to the half of the resolution length.

Upconversion Luminescence Dynamics in Er3+Yb3+ Codoped Nanocrystalline Yttria
SONG Hong-Wei, XIA Hai-Ping, SUN Bao-Juan, LU Shao-Zhe, LIU Zhong-Xin, YU Li-Xin
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 474-478 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (284KB) ( 806 )
The upconversion luminescence and dynamics in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped nanocrystalline yttria (7--65nm) are studied under 980-nm pulsed laser excitation. It is found that the red emission of 4F9/2--4I15/2 and the green emission of 2H11/2/4S3/2 in nanoparticles with lower concentration of Yb3+ result from a two-photon excitation. In nanocrystals with higher Yb3+ concentration, the red emissions from a two-photon excitation, while the green emissions from a three-photon excitation. The luminescence dynamics indicates that as the particle size decreases, both the rise and the decay time constants become shorter. As the size decreases to several nanometres, the rise process nearly disappears, suggesting that the upconversion luminescence originates mainly from self-excitation of Er3+, instead of the energy transfer of Yb3+ to Er3+.
Tm3+-doped Ga2O3-GeO2-Bi2O3-PbO(PbF2) Glasses for 1.47-μm Optical Amplifications
SHI Dong-Mei, ZHANG Qin-Yuan, YANG Gang-Feng, LIU Yue-Hui, JIANG Zhong-Hong
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 478-481 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (218KB) ( 746 )
We report the spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of Tm3+-doped Ga2O3-GeO2-Bi2O3-PbO(PbF2) glasses for 1.47-μm optical amplifications. Effects of PbF2 doping on the optical properties and thermal stability of Tm3+-doped gallate--germanium--bismuth--lead glass are investigated. The measured peak wavelength and full width at half-maximum of the fluorescence are 1465nm and ~ 120nm, respectively. Significant enhancement of the 1.47-μm emission and the lifetime of a 3+H4 level with increasing PbF2 doping have been observed. The presence of GeO2 provides two potentials of increasing the thermal stability and shortening the ultraviolet cutoff band of host glasses.
Blue-Green Light Emission from a-SiCx:H-Based Fabry--Perot Microcavities
YUE Rui-Feng, YAO Yong-Zhao, LIU Li-Tian
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 482-485 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (222KB) ( 524 )
A Si-based novel Fabry--Perot microcavity device that can emit blue-green light at room temperature is proposed and fabricated. One of its Bragg reflectors consists of periodically stacked a-SiO2/a-Si:H layers deposited on the glass by plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition. The other reflector is a sputtered Al film. The active region between both the reflectors is constructed by a p-type a-SiCx:H/intrinsic-type a-SiCx:H junction from which the electroluminescence (EL) is originated. The EL spectra of this device are recorded by RENISHAW RM2000, a sharp and strong EL peak at 483nm with FWHM of 20nm is observed when the device is driven by dc voltages of 8V, 12V and 18V at room temperature. The intensity of EL increases with the applied voltage while the luminescence wavelength keeps unchanged. Compared with the EL spectra from the sample without the Bragg reflector, the luminescence intensity is about 10 times enhanced and the peak is narrowed greatly. The luminescence mechanism is analysed in detail.
The Role of Periodicity in Enhanced Transmission through Subwavelength Hole Arrays
SUN Mei, TIAN Jie, LI Zhi-Yuan, CHENG Bing-Ying, ZHANG Dao-Zhong, JIN Ai-Zi, YANG Hai-Fang
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 486-488 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (207KB) ( 835 )
Two kinds of subwavelength hole arrays in metallic films are designed to verify the important role of the periodicity in enhanced transmission of light. The measured optical spectra show that the quasiperiodic hole arrays exhibit an enhanced transmission peak centred at 707nm with a transmission intensity of about 20%, while no plasmon resonance peak is found for the amorphous hole arrays. When the hole diameter decreases in the quasiperiodic structure, the position of the transmission peak shifts slightly, and the transmittance drops. These phenomena indicate the important role of the long-range structural order (particularly the periodicity) in assisting the coupling of incident light wave with the surface plasmon modes of the metallic structures.
Dependence of Intrinsic Defects in ZnO Films on Oxygen Fraction Studied by Positron Annihilation
PENG Cheng-Xiao, WENG Hui-Min, YANG Xiao-Jie, YE Bang-Jiao, CHENG Bin, ZHOU Xian-Yi, HAN Rong-Dian
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 489-492 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (246KB) ( 425 )
Defects in ZnO films grown by radio-frequency reactive magnetron sputtering under variable ratios between oxygen and argon gas have been investigated by using the monoenergetic positron beam technique. The dominate intrinsic defects in these ZnO samples are O vacancies (V0) and Zn interstitials (Zni) when the oxygen fraction in the O2/Ar feed gas does not exceed 70% in the processing chamber. On the other hand, zinc vacancies are preponderant in the ZnO films fabricated in richer oxygen environment. The concentration of zinc vacancies increases with the increasing O2 fraction. For the oxygen fraction 85%, the number of zinc vacancies that could trap positrons will be smaller. It is speculated that some unknown defects could shield zinc vacancies. The concentration of zinc vacancies in the ZnO films varies with the oxygen fraction in the growth chamber, which is in agreement with the results of photoluminescence spectra.
Growth and Magnetic Properties of Zincblende CrSb Epilayers on Relaxed and Strained (In, Ga)As Buffers
DENG Jia-Jun, ZHAO Jian-Hua, BI Jing-Feng, ZHENG Yu-Hong, JIA Quan-Jie, NIU Zhi-Chuan, WU Xiao-Guang, ZHENG Hou-Zhi
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 493-496 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (239KB) ( 474 )
Zincblende CrSb (zb-CrSb) layers with room-temperature ferromagnetism have been grown on relaxed and strained (In,Ga)As buffer layers epitaxially prepared on (001) GaAs substrates by molecular-beam epitaxy. The structural characterizations of CrSb layers fabricated under the two cases are studied by using synchrotron grazing incidence x-ray diffraction (GID). The results of GID experiments indicate that no sign of second phase exists in all the zb-CrSb layers. Superconducting quantum interference device measurements demonstrate that the thickness of zb-CrSb layers grown on both relaxed and strained (In,Ga)As buffer layers can be increased to ~12 monolayers (~3.6nm), compared to ~3 monolayers (~1nm) on GaAs directly.
AlGaN/GaN HEMTs with an Insulated Gate Fabricated by Inductively Coupled Plasma Oxidization
HAO Zhi-Biao, GUO Tian-Yi, ZHANG Li-Chong, LUO Yi
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 497-499 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (205KB) ( 844 )
Novel AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) with an insulated gate have been demonstrated by oxidizing the surface of an AlGaN layer using inductively coupled O2 plasma. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurement reveals that O2 plasma treatment can produce a thin oxidized layer on the AlGaN surface. The insulated-gate devices are realized by plasma oxidization before gate metallization. The reverse gate leakage current of the fabricated HEMT has been reduced in two orders of magnitude, and the cut-off frequency increases from 5.4GHz to 6.5GHz.
Adaptive Regulation for Noise-Aided Weak Signal Detection in Spiking Neurons
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 500-503 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (246KB) ( 465 )
Spiking neurons usually change their membrane properties, especially ion channel activity, during adaptation or synaptic modification to improve information processing and transmission. Using simple and biophysically realistic models, our analyses reveal that activity-dependent regulation of membrane properties contributes to sensitivity adaptation that improves the neuron ability of detecting sub-threshold signals in the presence of background noises. The improvement is achieved by regulating the conductance of ion channels on the membrane, dependent on the neuron firing activity.
Direct Observation of Histone-Induced DNA Shortening
RAN Shi-Yong, WANG Xiao-Ling, FU Wen-Bo, LAI Zhen-Hua, WANG Wei-Chi, LIU Xiao-Qing, MAI Zhen-Hong, LI Ming
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 507-507 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (210KB) ( 474 )
We construct a system of magnetic tweezers and apply it to study the interaction between histones and DNA. The condensation of DNA by purified histones at low ionic strengths is directly monitored by recording the length of the DNA as a function of elapsed time. It is found that DNA condensates in a dynamic manner. The binding of histones to DNA is energetically favoured, but the tension applied on DNA tends to unravel the DNA-histone complex. The competition between the two processes determines the rate of the DNA condensation.

System-Size Induced Coherence Resonance in Coupled Minimal Cytosolic Ca2+ Oscillation Models
WANG Mao-Sheng, HOU Zhong-Huai, XIN Hou-Wen
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 508-511 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (226KB) ( 782 )
We have investigated the collective behaviour of an array of coupled minimal cytosolic Ca2+ oscillation models by numerical methods, taking into account the external noise resulting from the random extracellular stimulation. It is found that the system size, i.e. the number of minimal cytosolic Ca2+ oscillation models, has an optimal value, at which the system collective dynamics shows the best performance. The effect of the coupling strength has also been studied. Such a phenomenon of system-size resonance has been found for different coupling strengths, but the optimal system size increases when the coupling strength increases.
Two-Dimensional Photoacoustic Imaging of Blood Vessel Networks within Biological Tissues
SU Yi-Xiong, Ruikang K. WANG, ZHANG Fan, YAO Jian-Quan
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 512-515 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (248KB) ( 581 )
Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) is a powerful imaging technique for medical diagnosis because it combines the merits and most compelling features of light and sound. We describe a PAT experimental system constructed in our laboratory which consists of a Q-switched Nd:YAG pulse laser operating at 532nm with a 8-ns pulse width to generate the photoacoustic signals from a biological sample. Two-dimensional photoacoustic imaging of blood vessel networks 1cm below the tissue surface is achieved. We also successfully demonstrate that the system is capable of imaging the blood vessels over the ex vivo rat brain with skull and skin intact.
Characteristic Parameters of a Wide Cluster in a Higher-Order Traffic Flow Model
ZHANG Peng, WONG S. C., DAI Shi-Qiang
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 516-519 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (217KB) ( 584 )
Nonlinear weak solution theory is applied to determine the parameters of a wide cluster in an ``anisotropic'' higher-order traffic flow model. These parameters are the maximal and minimal densities and the travelling wave speed in the solution structure. Numerical experiments show that the convergent simulation results are in good agreement with those obtained from the analytical expressions.
An Estimation for the Power-Law Distribution Parameter Based on Entropy
FU Bai-Bai, GAO Zi-You
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 520-522 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (171KB) ( 718 )
A new estimation based on the Shannon entropy for the power-law distribution parameter is presented. The maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) of the parameter is discussed and the relation between the MLE and the moment estimation of the parameter is given out. It is shown that the minimum Shannon entropy estimation is equivalent to the MLE giving the log expectation.
Radiatively Inefficient Accretion Flows with Outflow
XUE Li, , WANG Jian-Cheng, LU Ju-Fu
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2006, 23 (2): 523-526 .  
Abstract   PDF(pc) (215KB) ( 820 )
We construct a family of self-similar solutions to describe radiatively inefficient accretion flows with outflow. We show that outflow has important effects on the dynamical structure of accretion flows. In particular, we prove that outflow can be an effective mechanism of removing the released gravitational energy of accreted gas.
69 articles