Turbulence Modulations in the Boundary Layer of a Horizontal Particle-Laden Channel Flow
Chin. Phys. Lett. 2010, 27 (6):
Turbulence modulations are experimentally investigated using particle image velocimetry (PIV) in the lower boundary layer of a fully developed horizontal channel flow. A simultaneous two-phase PIV measurement technique is adopted to acquire the turbulent statistics quantities and to examine the coherent structures in the near-wall region. Polythene beads with diameters of 60μm are used as dispersed phases, and the PIV measurements have been performed at three mass loadings varying from 2.5×10-4 to 5× 10-3. All the experiments are performed at a wall shear Reynolds number of ReΤ=430. The results show that the presence of the particles suppresses the coherent structures, with shorter streamwise extent of the quasistreamwise structures, and then, the wall-normal velocity fluctuations and shear Reynolds stresses are both decreased in the near-core region. In addition, as a result of the particle wake, the turbulence intensity and shear Reynolds stress both increase in the vicinity of the wall. Due to the drag effects of the particles on the gas, the streamwise velocity gradients decrease in the outer region and increase in the viscous sublayer, meanwhile the thickness of the viscous sublayer also decreases. These results cause the peak values of the streamwise velocity fluctuations adjacent to the wall to increase, and the peak positions shift to the wall. This is the reason for decreasing the near-wall region and increasing the near-core region of the streamwise velocity fluctuations in appearance.