Chin. Phys. Lett.  2021, Vol. 38 Issue (4): 047501    DOI: 10.1088/0256-307X/38/4/047501
Spin-Wave Dynamics in an Artificial Kagome Spin Ice
Qiuyang Li1, Suqin Xiong1, Lina Chen2*, Kaiyuan Zhou3, Rongxin Xiang3, Haotian Li3, Zhenyu Gao3, Ronghua Liu3*, and Youwei Du3
1China Electric Power Research Institute, Beijing 100192, China
2School of Science, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210023, China
3School of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
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Qiuyang Li, Suqin Xiong, Lina Chen et al  2021 Chin. Phys. Lett. 38 047501
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Abstract Artificial spin ice (ASI) structures have significant technological potential as reconfigurable metamaterials and magnetic storage media. We investigate the field/frequency-dependent magnetic dynamics of a kagome ASI made of 25-nm-thick permalloy nanomagnet elements, combining magnetoresistance (MR) and microscale ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) techniques. Our FMR spectra show a broadband absorption spectrum from 0.2 GHz to 3 GHz at $H$ below 0.3 kOe, where the magnetic configuration of the kagome ASI is in the multidomain state, because the external magnetic field is below the obtained coercive field $H_{\rm c} \sim 0.3$ kOe, based on both the low-field range MR loops and simulations, suggesting that the low-field magnetization dynamics of kagome ASI is dominated by a multimode resonance regime. However, the FMR spectra exhibit five distinctive resonance modes at the high-field quasi-uniform magnetization state. Furthermore, our micromagnetic simulations provide additional spatial resolution of these resonance modes, identifying the presence of two high-frequency primary modes, localized in the horizontal and vertical bars of the ASI, respectively; three other low-frequency modes are mutually exclusive and separately pinned at the corners of the kagome ASI by an edge-induced dipolar field. Our results suggest that an ASI structural design can be adopted as an efficient approach for the development of low-power filters and magnonic devices.
Received: 23 November 2020      Published: 06 April 2021
PACS:  76.50.+g (Ferromagnetic, antiferromagnetic, and ferrimagnetic resonances; spin-wave resonance)  
  75.30.Ds (Spin waves)  
  75.78.Fg (Dynamics of domain structures)  
  75.60.Ch (Domain walls and domain structure)  
Fund: Supported by the State Grid Corporation of China via the Science and Technology Project: Research on Electromagnetic Measurement Technology Based on EIT and TMR (Grant No. JL71-18-007).
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Articles by authors
Qiuyang Li
Suqin Xiong
Lina Chen
Kaiyuan Zhou
Rongxin Xiang
Haotian Li
Zhenyu Gao
Ronghua Liu
and Youwei Du
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