Chin. Phys. Lett.  2022, Vol. 39 Issue (10): 107101    DOI: 10.1088/0256-307X/39/10/107101
In-Plane Anisotropic Response to Uniaxial Pressure in the Hidden Order State of URu$_2$Si$_2$
Xingyu Wang1,2, Dongliang Gong1, Bo Liu1,2, Xiaoyan Ma1,2, Jinyu Zhao1,2, Pengyu Wang1,2, Yutao Sheng1,2, Jing Guo1,3, Liling Sun1,2,3, Wen Zhang4,5, Xinchun Lai5, Shiyong Tan5*, Yi-feng Yang1,2,3*, and Shiliang Li1,2,3*
1Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
2School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
3Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan 523808, China
4State Key Laboratory of Environment-friendly Energy Materials, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, China
5Science and Technology on Surface Physics and Chemistry Laboratory, Mianyang 621908, China
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Xingyu Wang, Dongliang Gong, Bo Liu et al  2022 Chin. Phys. Lett. 39 107101
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Abstract We investigate the uniaxial-pressure dependence of resistivity for URu$_{2-x}$Fe$_x$Si$_2$ samples with $x = 0$ and 0.2, which host a hidden order (HO) and a large-moment antiferromagnetic (LMAFM) phase, respectively. For both samples, the elastoresistivity $\zeta$ shows a seemingly divergent behavior above the transition temperature $T_0$ and a quick decrease below it. We find that the temperature dependence of $\zeta$ for both samples can be well described by assuming the uniaxial pressure effect on the gap or certain energy scale except for $\zeta_{(110)}$ of the $x = 0$ sample, which exhibits a nonzero residual value at 0 K. We show that this provides a qualitative difference between the HO and LMAFM phases. Our results suggest that there is an in-plane anisotropic response to the uniaxial pressure that only exists in the hidden order state without necessarily breaking the rotational lattice symmetry.
Received: 22 June 2022      Published: 20 September 2022
PACS:  71.27.+a (Strongly correlated electron systems; heavy fermions)  
  74.70.Tx (Heavy-fermion superconductors)  
  72.15.Eb (Electrical and thermal conduction in crystalline metals and alloys)  
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Xingyu Wang
Dongliang Gong
Bo Liu
Xiaoyan Ma
Jinyu Zhao
Pengyu Wang
Yutao Sheng
Jing Guo
Liling Sun
Wen Zhang
Xinchun Lai
Shiyong Tan
Yi-feng Yang
and Shiliang Li
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