Chin. Phys. Lett.  2017, Vol. 34 Issue (9): 094203    DOI: 10.1088/0256-307X/34/9/094203
Leaky Modes in Ag Nanowire over Substrate Configuration
Yin-Xing Ding1,2, Lu-Lu Wang1,2, Li Yu1,2**
1State Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876
2School of Science, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876
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Abstract By launching surface plasmons propagating along the Ag nanowire deposited on a substrate, we clearly observe three leaky modes using the Fourier imaging method. The effective refractive indexes, propagation lengths and electric field distributions of the modes are investigated, which indicate that the energy of the mode with a lowest effective refractive index is mainly distributed in the air, while for the other two modes, it is mainly distributed in the substrate and in the gap between the Ag nanowire and the substrate. These modes enable such a configuration to be used as a multichannel waveguide or highly directional optical antenna, which is of fundamental importance for optical device miniaturizations and photonic circuit integrations.
Received: 15 June 2017      Published: 15 August 2017
PACS:  42.82.Et (Waveguides, couplers, and arrays)  
  42.81.Qb (Fiber waveguides, couplers, and arrays)  
  42.82.-m (Integrated optics)  
Fund: Supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China under Grant No 2016YFA0301300, the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos 11374041, 11574035 and 11404030, and the State Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications.
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Yin-Xing Ding, Lu-Lu Wang, Li Yu 2017 Chin. Phys. Lett. 34 094203
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